Snake cup handle group  


A group of wares where the bute cups and coffee cans have a very distinctive loop handle with a large upper attachment rather like a snake. Partial teasets have been used to link these cup shapes to the other pieces made by this unknown manufacturer. The shapes and examples are presented below. The teapot shapes have been assigned to the " Mystery Prow" group by Berthoud and Maskell (2006).

Summary of main shapes

The most common body is a creamy bone china with good translucency. Click on pictures for more details.

Features of main shapes

These include: (1) Bute cup very similar to Coalport with sides that curve into the bottom inside without a corner but have a distinctive simple loop handle with a large top attachment rather like a snake's head. (2) Coffee can with simple loop handle like the cup but a bit bigger. (3) Saucer with curved sides and a small footrim. (4 - 5) Two styles of "bridge-spouted" new oval teapot with: distinctive fluted knop with straight rim, a broad spout with little space under the bridge, pronounced lid restraint, and handle with long, forward-pointing thumb rest. These teapots were made in two ways: one (4) style has a huge domed strainer applied to the inside of a spout which was cast with the body, the other style (5) has a 16 hole strainer and the spout was cast separately from the body of the pot and added later. (Examples of teapots in this group are illustrated in plates 1214, 1216 and 1218 in Miller and Berthoud (1985) and plates 954, 955, and 965 in Berthoud and Maskell (2006).) (6) new oval teapot with distinctive knop, handle with square bottom end, one kink, and a forwards facing thumbrest, usually diamond shaped 16-hole strainer. (More examples in plates 1015 - 1018 Berthoud and Maskell (2006).) (7) Oval teapot stand with straight sloping sides and a flat base with no footrim. (8 - 9) new oval sucrier with handles with thumbrest and 2 styles of knop matching those on the 2 teapot shapes;  (10) new oval creamer with a loop handle with thumb rest and sides which smooth into the footrim without any groove. (11) sugar bowl and (12) slop bowls both with curved sides, a clear footrim with rounded outer edge and deep footrim underneath with steeply sloping sides. (13) deep oval creamer with loop handle with thumbrest.


Evidence to link main shapes

A number of part teasets establish the links between the main shapes.

Part teaset 1 pattern 47 with bridge-spouted teapot

The bridge-spouted teapot, teapot stand, sucrier, slop bowl, bute cup, coffee can and saucers all came together from one auction. There were further cups, cans and saucers. An old label on the base of the teapot says there were 12 saucers, 11 teacups, 8 coffee cans and a bread and butter plate but no creamer. The spout here was slip cast separately from the body of the pot and applied later with the handle.


A bridge-spouted new oval teapot  in creamy bone china with good translucency.  Diamond shaped 16 hole strainer. Top of knob has 12 ridges.  Pattern 47 in red on base. (aj380 Base length 123mm, width 90 mm.)
Teapot stand with straight sides sloping outwards. Flat unglazed bottom with no footrim or base recess. Creamy bone china with poor translucency. No mark on base. (aj381 length 190 mm width 153 mm)
New oval sucrier with handle with thumbrest and pointed lower attachment. Knop does not match teapot. Creamy bone china with finely crazed glaze. Shallow base recess(~2.5 mm). Painted pattern 47 in red on base. (aj385 base length 101mm, width 71mm)
Slop bowl with rounded outer edge to footrim and deep foot recess (~11.8 mm) with steep sides. Creamy bone china. Painted pattern 47 in gilt on base. (aj382 base width 91mm)
Bute cup with a simple "loop" handle with pointed, large, upper attachment. Fine white bone china with some dark specs. Inside of wall curves into bottom. Shallow base recess with vertical sides. No mark, but pattern 47 like teapot. (aj383 h55.5, w 81.1, b36 (41.2) Handle h13.1 (19.4), v30.7, w7, 4.1, t4.2)
Coffee can with a simple "loop" handle with pointed, large, upper attachment. Heavier handle than teacups. Fine white bone china. Shallow base recess with vertical sides. (aj384 h60.3, w 64.3, b53.3 (59.4) Handle h13.1 (19.4), v30.7, w8.5, 5.2, t4.8)

Part teaset 2 pattern 47 with bridge-spouted teapot

From the teapot collection at Norwich Castle Museum (with permission) this confirms the link between the bridge-spouted teapot and the bute cup shape and shows that the teapot can have a large domed or a 16 hole strainer. In large domed strainer style, the spout is slip cast as part of the body so merges smoothly into it, and the space under the bridge is a bit smaller.


A bridge-spouted new oval teapot  with finely crazed creamy body,  broad spout and huge domed strainer. Top of knob has 12 ridges.  Decorated in gilt and blue. Marked pattern no: 47 on base. (n571 Base length 125mm, width 92mm.)
A cup with a simple "loop" handle with pointed upper, large, attachment. Fine white bone china. Inside of wall curves into bottom. Shallow base recess with vertical sides. No mark, but pattern 47 like teapot. (n571 h57.4, w 84.1, b39.8 (43.1) Handle h10.9 (17.4), v30.1, w6.1, 4, t4.4)

Part teaset 3 with bridge-spouted teapot

In January 2002 Brigid Palmer-Donovan, Maine, USA showed a pair of bute cups with small simple loop handles for auction on eBay. When I asked, it turned out that Brigid had a partial teaset consisting of 2 cups with saucers, a bridge-spouted teapot and  a new oval creamer with a thumb rest, all decorated with different sized bat prints of a shepherd and shepherdess under a tree. She was kind enough to provide photographs of the main pieces.  This set provided links to a New Oval Creamer shape.


A bridge-spouted new oval teapot with straight fluted knob decorated with bat print of shepherd and shepherdess. Different scene on lid. Silver lustre lines some with red dots on either side.   (teapotb, h7", l11") Picture Brigid Maine, USA. 
A new oval creamer with thumb rest (cf plate 576 in Berthoud, 1999).  (teacreamerb, h4", l5.5") Picture Brigid Maine, USA. 
A cup with a simple "loop" handle with pointed, large, upper attachment.  Bat print decoration of "Shepherd and Shepherdess". Silver lustre  lines. No mark. (teacup
Bute cup with a simple "loop" handle with pointed upper, large, attachment. Black batprint with silver lustre lines and trim. Fine white bone china. Inside of wall curves into bottom. No mark. (aj410, h56.6, w 80.9, b40.4 (43.4) Handle h13.6 (18.1), v32, w6.8, 3.9, t3.9)
Bute cup with a light Ridgway style handle with one major kink and pointed attachments. Fine white bone china. Inside of wall curves into bottom. Black batprint on cup and saucer is sfrom smae plate as cup above (aj410). Silver lustre lines and trim. No mark. (aj410, h56.6, w 80.9, b40.4 (43.4) Handle h13.6 (18.1), v32, w6.8, 3.9, t3.9)  

Part teaset 4 with bridge-spouted teapot

This part set with black bat print decoration and silver lustre lines was sold together and confirms the link between the bridge-spouted teapot with 16 hole strainer, new oval creamer, slop bowl and the bute cup shapes. It adds a sugar bowl shape. As in teaset 1 which also has the 16 hole strainer the spout here was slip cast separately from the body of the pot and applied later with the handle.


A bridge-spouted new oval teapot  in creamy bone china with good translucency.  Diamond shaped 16 hole strainer. Top of knob has 12 ridges.  No marks. (aj547 Base length 123mm, width 90 mm.)
Sugar bowl with rounded outer edge to footrim and deep foot recess (~11.7 mm) with steep sides. Creamy bone china with some crazing. Print inside on bottom. No Marks. (aj528 base width 70mm)
Slop bowl with rounded outer edge to footrim and deep foot recess (~12.3 mm) with steep sides. Creamy bone china with good transluccency. Print inside on bottom. No Marks. (aj527 base width 92 mm)
New oval creamer with handle with thumb rest and pointed lower attachment. Side smoothes into footrim outside. Print is from same plate as cup. No marks. (cf plate 576 in Berthoud, 1999).  (aj525, base length 71 mm, width 56 mm)   The Ridgway creamer shape is very similar but has a distinct groove between the sides and the footrim.
Bute cup with a simple "loop" handle with pointed upper, large, attachment. Fine white bone china. Inside of wall curves into bottom. Shallow base recess with curved sides. No mark. (aj526, h62, w 83.1, b37.9 (43) Handle h13.8 (19.7), v32, w7, 4.4, t4.9)

Part teaset 5 with bridge-spouted teapot

The bridge-spouted teapot and teapot stand in Philip Miller's collection . It confirms the shape of the teapot stand in teaset 1. The spout here was slip cast separately from the body of the pot and applied later with the handle. The bute cup in puce shows the same bat print pattern.


A bridge-spouted new oval teapot .  Diamond shaped 16 hole strainer. Knop has been broken off and reattached. No marks. (m295 ) Philip Miller  
Teapot stand with straight sides sloping outwards. No mark on base. (m295stand) Philip Miller  
 Bute cup with a simple "loop" handle with pointed, large, upper attachment. Thicker towards base. Puce lines and bat print decoration (same as new oval creamer, plate 576 in Berthoud, 1999). No mark. (aj125, h58.7, w83.5, b41.6 handle: h13.4, v31.6,w8, 4.5, t4.9)

Part teaset 6 with bridge-spouted teapot

Bridge-spouted teapot in large domed strainer style from Norwich Castle Museum (ex Miller collection) and creamer and bute cup in Philip Miller's present collection . It confirms the creamer shape.


Bridge-spouted new oval teapot .  Huge domed strainer. No lid. No marks. (n575, base length 123 mm, width 90 mm) Norwich Castle Museum, ex Philip Miller collection  
New oval creamer with handle with thumb rest and pointed lower attachment. Side smoothes into footrim outside. (m013, base length 70 mm) Philip Miller    
 Bute cup with a simple "loop" handle with pointed, large, upper attachment. Blue lines and black bat print decoration ( as on sucrier above) No mark. (m015, h58, w81) Philip Miller

Sucrier with fluted knop

This sucrier is very similar to the one in teaset 1 but the knop is a smaller version of the fluted knops on the bridge-spouted teapots.


New oval sucrier, handles with thumbrest and pointed lower attachment. Knop has 12 ridges as in bridge-spouted teapots. Creamy bone china with good translucency. Shallow base recess(~2.5 mm). Puce bat print decoration. Prints on lid similar to those on teapot aj533 below. No marks. (aj660 base length 101mm, width 71mm)
 Bute cup with a simple "loop" handle with pointed, large, upper attachment. Blue lines and black bat print decoration ( as on sucrier above) No mark. (m015, h58, w81) Philip Miller

Example of bridge-spouted teapot with 16 hole strainer

This bridge-spouted teapot with the 16 hole strainer and fluted knob with straight rim has the same bat print on side and lid as the teapot with huge domes strainer below.


A bridge-spouted new oval teapot .  Diamond shaped 16 hole strainer. No marks. (m296 ) Philip Miller  

Examples of bridge-spouted teapots with huge domed strainer

These bridge-spouted teapots all have the fluted knob with straight rim and huge domed strainer found in teapots where the spout was slip cast with the body. The way this spout smooths into the body is clearer when there is no painted line around its base as in first example.


Bridge-spouted new oval teapot  with finely crazed glaze, creamy body, broad spout and huge domed strainer. Top of knob has 12 flutes. (t003)

Matching bute cup see below (aj189)

Bridge-spouted new oval teapot  with finely crazed glaze, creamy body, broad spout and huge domed strainer. Top of knob has 12 flutes. Lid prints are similar to sucrier above. (aj533 base length 125 mm, width 91mm)  

Bridge-spouted new oval teapot  with creamy body, broad spout and huge domed strainer. Top of knob has 12 flutes. (a083 base 124.5mm) Courtesy Typically English Antiques.

Matching bute cup in same pattern at right (aj541)

Part teaset 7 with new oval teapot with square bottom to handle

New oval teapot, creamer, sugar bowl and a number of bute cups and saucers were all sold together. The bute cup handle, creamer and sugar bowl shapes link this teapot shape, with distinctive square bottom attachment of the handle, to the previous teasets with bridge-spouted teapots. The teapot knop is also similar to that on two of the sucriers.


New oval teapot in creamy bone china with small pouring guard and handle with forward pointing thumbrest and square bottom attachment.  Diamond shaped 16 hole strainer. No marks. The knop has been glued back on. (aj746, base length 115 mm, width 91 mm)
New oval creamer with thumb rest and shallow bases recess (~5mm). Side smoothes into footrim outside. (a185 base length 71.1 mm, width 56.2mm) Gerald Chidwick
Sugar bowl with rounded outer edge to footrim and deep foot recess (~8.5 mm) with steep sides. Creamy bone china. No Marks. (aj748 base width 69 mm)  
 A cup with a simple "loop" handle with pointed, large, upper attachment Cup wall curves into bottom inside.  No mark. (aj747, h54.5, w80.7, b38.8 (43.5) handle: h13.2 (18.7), v31.7, w7.8, 4.1, t4.5)
 A saucer with curved sides and a distinct footrim. White body not crazed. No mark. (aj747, w 138 mm )

Another example of New Oval creamer

This creamer was found alone. Its shape and size is very close to the one above although the pattern is related but different .


New oval creamer with handle with thumb rest and pointed lower attachment. Side smoothes into footrim outside. No marks.  (aj773, base length 73 mm, width 57 mm)  

Examples of New Oval Teapots with square bottom to handle

These new oval teapots all have the handle with a square bottom and a diamond shaped strainer with varying hole number and size.


New oval teapot in creamy body with finely crazed glaze, small pouring guard and handle with forward pointing thumbrest and square bottom attachment.  Diamond shaped 9 hole strainer. Silver lustre lines and black bat print. No marks. (aj428 base length 116 mm, width 91mm)  
New oval teapot in creamy bone china body, with small pouring guard and handle with forward pointing thumbrest and square bottom attachment.  Diamond shaped 16 hole strainer. Silver lustre , orange and blue. No marks. (aj454 base length 116 mm, width 91mm)  
New oval teapot in creamy bone china body with finely crazed glaze. Knop broken off. Small pouring guard and handle with forward pointing thumbrest and square bottom attachment.  Diamond shaped 16 hole strainer. Silver lustre , orange and blue. No marks. (aj597 base length 115 mm, width 92mm)  
New oval teapot in creamy bone china body. Small pouring guard and handle with forward pointing thumbrest and square bottom attachment.  Diamond shaped 16 hole strainer. Silver lustre , orange and blue. No marks. (m329 base length ? mm, width ? mm) Philip Miller    

Deep oval creamers linked by bat print on cup

A deep oval creamer shape may be linked to this maker because one example has a bat print from the same engraved plate as a typical bute cup.


Deep oval creamer with handle with thumb rest and pointed lower attachment. Dark blue line on rim (CF part teaset 7 above). Silver lustre lines and handle trim. Puce batprint is same as cup below (aj577). No marks.  (aj790, base length 69.3 mm, width 53.1 mm)  
 Cup with a simple "loop" handle with pointed, large, upper attachment Cup wall curves into bottom inside. Black bat print as on creamer above (aj790).No mark. (aj577, h55.3, w82.4, b40.2 (45.1) handle: h13.3 (18.2), v31.8, w6.9, 4, t4.6)
Deep oval creamer with handle with thumb rest and pointed lower attachment. Black batprint of "Sheperdes" is very similar to the one on the cup below. Silver lustre lines and trim. No marks.  (aj631, base length 70 mm, width 53.3 mm)  
Examples of bute cups with simple loop handles,
Simple loop handle with pointed upper attachment which is larger than most and a bit like a snake's head, pointed lower attachment, translucent white body. Cup sides curve into rounded bottom inside.

 A cup with a simple "loop" handle with pointed, large, upper attachment. Thicker towards base. Bat print of "Shepherdess" is similar to one on deep oval creamer above. Silver lustre  lines. No mark. (aj189, h57.1, w82.6, b40.8 handle: h12.7, v31.2, w7, 4.3, t4.9)
 A cup with a simple "loop" handle with pointed, large, upper attachment. Even wall thickness. No mark. (aj046, h56.3, w81.2, b40.5 handle: h12.9, v31.5,w7.4, 5.1, t4.7)
 A cup with a simple "loop" handle with pointed, large, upper attachment. Even wall thickness. Body quite speckled with dark spots. No mark. (aj343, h55.7, w81.5, b39 (42.3) handle: h12.3 (18.5), v31.5,w7.3, 4.3, t4.7)
 A cup with a simple "loop" handle with pointed, large, upper attachment. Even wall thickness. Body quite speckled with dark spots. No mark. (aj435, h60.6, w84.2, b36.8 (42.1) handle: h13.2 (19.5), v32.8, w7.4, 4.4, t4.7)
 A cup with a simple "loop" handle with pointed, large, upper attachment. Cup wall curves into bottom inside.  Decoration "Mad lion" silver lustre, blue and red. No mark. (aj460, h56.7, w82, b38.3 (43) handle: h13.7 (19.7), v33.5, w7.2, 4.4, t4.9)
 A cup with a simple "loop" handle with pointed, large, upper attachment. Cup wall curves into bottom inside.  No mark. (a203)  

References:

Berthoud, M (1999) "A Cabinet of British Creamers" Micawber Publications, Bridgenorth.

Berthoud, M and Maskell, R (2006) "A Directory of British Teapots" Micawber Publications, Bridgenorth.

Miller, P and Berthoud, M (1985) "An Anthology of British Teapots" Micawber Publications


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