The "lustre" group


All these cups have rather delicate or "light" Ridgway-type handles with two "kicks" along their lower edge. Most handles are less than 7mm in width. Nearly all of these cups are unmarked and at present very few can be linked to their makers (eg Charles Bourne).  Since they are finely potted in bone-china, it is likely that they were made in the Stoke-on Trent area where the trade directories list many  bone-china manufacturers  who were also lusterers.  Much of this ware is decorated in pink lustre. Some of these makers may have worked in Longton.


When identification is not possible all we can do is to group the cups by the features of their handles, body and decoration.  

Light Ridgway-type handles
Loop handles,  with two dents or "kicks" along the bottom which can be clear, or subtle, or merge into a single "kick" .  
light  light   elbow light Bourne    light    long  light one  kick   seal   mark

"Light Ridgway-type" little elbow
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle where the two kicks along the lower edge are so gentle that they look like one . (aj008, h57.8, w82.1, handle: h13.8, v27, w6.5)
  "Light Ridgway-type" with some elbow
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. Slight flair at rim. Painted inside on bottom. Bone china. (aj049, h55, w85.7, b39.8 handle: h14.7, v26.9, w6.6, 5.1t4.1)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. Sprig painted inside on bottom. Bone china. (aj431, h56.6, w82.2, b39 (44.5) handle: h13.1 (18.3), v25.5, w7, 5.5, t4.4)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. (a034, h58.6, w82.4, b38.4 handle: h13.7, v26.7, k26.2, w6.7, 5.4, t4.9) C.P.
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. (a036, h58.4, w82.2, b37.8 handle: h13.8, v27.4, k25.6, w6.2, 4.7, t4.4) C.P.
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. Slight flair at rim. Refined flower painting with gilding. Bone china. This pattern illustrated in fig. 501 on a different style of cup in Chapter on Swansea in Godden, G. (1974) "British Porcelain", and on p205 on a Swansea plate in Jones and Joseph (1988). (aj142, h55.9, w87.1, b39.2 handle: h14.7, v26.1, w6.7, 4.7, t4.1)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge . (a025, h60.4, w84.8, b40.4, handle: h15.4, v27.8, w6.7, 5.8, t4.7) C.P.
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge . (aj063, h56.4, w83.2, b34.2, handle: h13.7, v26.7, w6.8)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge . (aj232, h57.1, w81.2, b36.4, handle: h13.6, v27.5, w7.1, 6.0)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge . (aj371, h58.8, w84.1, b38.6 (43.5), handle: h14.9 (18.6), v28.6, k27.2, w6.7, 5.3, t4.50)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. Finely crazed creamy body, badly stained. Shallow foot recess. Puce bat print. NOT Rathbone as upper and lower handle attachments rounded. (aj708, h54, w88, b39 (44.4)  handle: h15.7, (20), v28, k29, w6.3, 5.2, t4.1)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge.  Pattern like London-style teapot with 16 hole strainer and No 67 on bottom. Finely potted translucent bone china. (a016, h55.7, w83, b40.3, handle: h15.3, v27.8, w6.8, 5.6) Wrights
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. Slight flair at rim. Strawberry inside on bottom. Bone china. (aj056, h56.2, w87.6, handle:h13.7, v25.1, w6.7)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. Slight flair at rim. Bone china. (aj243, h57.8, w85, b35.9 handle:h13.9, v27, w7, 5.2, t4.6)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. Bone china. (aj143, h58, w84, b41.2 handle: h13, v26, k27, w6.5, 5.2)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. Bone china. Blue rim line. Line of blue dots along handle. (aj146, h56, w82.1, b37.7 handle:h14.7, v26.2, k27.8, w6.4, 5.6)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. Bone china. Blue line along rim and on handle. Came with London shape creamer. (aj357, h56.9, w83.9, b37.4 (40.6) handle:h15 (19.2), v28, k26.8, w6.9, 6, t3.6)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. Slight flair at rim. Bat print. Bone china. Simple lustre line on handle. (aj089, h56.2, w85.5, b40.2 handle:h15.3, v27.5, w7.2)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge and pointed upper and lower attachments. No flair at rim. Hand painted pink lustre church. Bone china. Simple lustre line on handle. (aj187, h55, w80.6, b37.3 (41.6) handle:h14.2 (18.4), v26.5, w6.8, 5.4)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge and pointed upper and lower attachments. No flair at rim. Black bat print of shepherdess. Bone china. Simple lustre line on handle. (aj346, h58, w84.6, b40.6 (45) handle:h13.3 (19.2), v26.9, w6.7, 5.3)
Charles Bourne
 Small loop handle with two gentle kicks.  Finely potted with even wall thickness,  and white body with brown specs and straw transparency. 

Charles Bourne cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. Bone china body with straw coloured transparency. Matches cup from teaset with Bourne teapot so Michael Standerline says it's Bourne. (aj095,h57.6, w85.9, b40.3 handle: h15, v30.5, k28.6, w6.9, 5.3)
Charles Bourne cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. Bone china body with straw coloured transparency. From a  complete teaset with Bourne teapot so Michael Standerline says it's Bourne. (aj094, h56.6, w85.1, b39.5 handle: h13.5, v29, k28, w6.1, 5.2)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. Bone china body with finely crazed glaze and straw coloured transparency. Possibly Bourne. (aj485, h58.4, w84.9, b39 (43.5) handle: h15 (19.9), v30.8, k30.6, w6.6, 5.3, t4.5)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. Bone china body with straw coloured transparency. Possibly Bourne. (aj340, h54.7, w86.3, b39.1 (43.1) handle: h13.5 (18.2), v29.4, k28.7, w6.5, 5.5, t4.7)
  "Light Ridgway-type" long narrow
A cup with a long Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. (aj212, h57.8, w83.4, b36.8, handle: h13.2, v29.2, w6.5, 5.3)
A cup with a long Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. (aj441, h52.8, w85.9, b40, handle: h13.2 (17), v28.5, w6.8, 5.4)
A cup with a long Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. (aj061, h53.7, w86.1, b36.4, handle: h14.3, v28.3, w7)
A cup with a long Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. (aj062, h53.5, w86.5, b38.3, handle: h14, v29.8, w6.7)
A cup with a long Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge . (aj233, h56.5, w88.3, b38.9, handle: h14.8, v28.8, w6.7, 5.6, t4.2)
A cup with a long Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. (aj077, h54.7, w85.3, b39.4, handle: h13.5, v28.1, w6.6)
A cup with a long Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. (aj352, h53.8, w85.2, b39.4, handle: h13.4 (17.4), v29.9, w7, 6, t4.1)
A cup with a long Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge . (aj064, h54.3, w82.5, b36.6, handle: h13.2, v28.9, w6.5)
A cup with a long Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge . (a030, h57, w87, b45.3, handle: h14.6, v30, k28.1, w6.5,5.4, t4.4) C.P.
A cup with a long Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge . (a032, h56.8, w82.2, b37.7, handle: h14.3, v30, k28.3, w7.3 ,5.6, t4.7) C.P.
A cup with a long Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge . (a035, h59.8, w84.8, b3767, handle: h14, v29.6, k28.9, w6.2, 5.4, t4.4) C.P.
A cup with a long Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge . (a029, h57.2, w81.3, b40.1, handle: h13.4, v30.1, k28.2, w6.4, 5.2, t4) C. P.
A cup with a long Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge . (a026, h53.8, w85.6, b39.6, handle: h13.3, v29.6, k28.4, w6.6, 5.2, t4) C. P.
A cup with a long Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge . (a027, h51.5, w85.5, b38.5, handle: h14.1, v29.3, k28.7, w6.8, 5.8, t4.4) C. P.
A cup with a long Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. (aj230, h61.1, w86.5, b37.5, (42) handle: h13.5, v31.5, w6.4, 5.4)
  "Light Ridgway-type" long narrow, heavier potting
 Long loop handle with two gentle kicks.  More heavily potted with wall thickness increasing towards base.  White body with dark specs. 

  A cup with a long narrow light "Ridgway" type handle with two weak kicks. Rim has 18scallops.  "Seal" mark in cartouche on cup base (h6.1mm) ( see Ironside, 1994). (aj292, h53.6, w84.1, b35.6 (40.8) handle: h14, v33.3, k31.1, w7.9,5.6, t4.4) For other cups with seal marks click here.
A cup with a very long Ridgway-style "loop" handle with two gentle kicks along the lower edge. More heavily potted than others, quite heavy at base which is smaller than most. (aj235, h57.3, w86.2, b35.2, (40.2) handle: h15.4, v32.7, k31.5, w7.7, 5.7, t5)
 "Light Ridgway-type" with strong elbow and single kick
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with a single kick along the lower edge to form an incurve. Pink line inside cup and down handle. White transparency. (aj055, h55.1, w86.9, handle: h15.1, v26.8, k29.5, w6.3, 5, t4.5)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with a single kick along the lower edge to form an incurve.  White transparency. (aj304, h54, w83.1, b42.2 handle: h14.2, v27.6, k29.6, w6.4, 4.8, t4.9)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with a single kick along the lower edge to form an incurve. Single pink line down handle. White transparency which yellows at base. (aj114, h56.3, w85, b39.5 handle: h13.8, v27, k29.3, w6.3, 4.6, t4.5)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with a single kick along the lower edge to form an incurve. (a024, h57, w85.3, b41.6 handle: h14, v27.6, k29.8, w6.4, 5.1 , t4.6) C.P.
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with a single kick along the lower edge to form an incurve. Decorated with "yellow shell" pattern.  (aj363, h54.2, w83, b38.8 (44.6) handle: h13.5 (17.4), v26.1, k29.8, w6.4, 4.6 , t4.8) 
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with a single kick along the lower edge to form an incurve. (a033, h57.6, w86, b40.5 handle: h13.7, v27, k29.6, w7.3, 4.6 , t4.5) C.P.
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with a single kick along the lower edge to form an incurve. Single pink line down handle. Yellow transparency. (aj113, h56.9, w85.6, b40.1 handle: h14, v26.6, k29.7, w6.8, 5.0 t5.2)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with a single kick along the lower edge to form an incurve. White body, good greyish transparency. Black lines and bat print with  "Wellington's Return" on saucer (see right).  (aj312, h55.6, w83, b41.5 (46.4) handle: h13.3 (17.5), v26.1, k30, w6.9, 5.2 t5.6)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with a single kick along the lower. Black dots down handle. Coloured bat print. Yellow transparency. (aj118, h56.7, w85.7, b40.5 handle: h14.1, v27.2, k30, w6.8, 5.0 t5.5)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with a single kick along the lower edge to form an incurve. Single pink line down handle. White transparency. (aj115, h55.2, w84.2, b39.6 handle: h14.1, v26.8, k29.6, w6.6, 5.1, t5)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with a single kick along the lower edge to form an incurve. Handpainted "Yellow shell". Single red line down handle. White transparency. (aj151, h60.4, w84.3, b42.8 handle: h14.8, v27, k29.6, w6.8, 5, t5)
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with a single kick along the lower edge to form an incurve. Single blue line down handle and round rim. More solid potting than some with poor translucency and  very finely crazed glaze. . (aj507, h58.3, w82.9, b38.3 (42.3) handle: h14.5 (18.3), v27.2, k28.8, w6.4, 4.8, t4.3)Ex Lynn Price
  A lustre cup with a "Ridgway" type handle with a single strong kick. No marks. (aj059, h54.9, w83.7, b41.6 handle: h14.8, v25.2, k27.9, w6.8, 5.4, t4.3)
  A lustre cup with a "Ridgway" type handle with a single strong kick. No marks. (aj177, h55.7, w85.8, b41.4 handle: h13.2, v26.4, k28.3, w6.8, 5.2, t4.6)
  A cup with a "Ridgway" type handle with a single strong kick. Handpainted with "botanical" style flowers. No marks. (a022, h58.3, w84.3, b40.1 handle: h14.8, v26.2, w6.5, 5, t5) Courtesy A. Dando.
"Light Ridgeway-type" with strong elbow and Chinese seal mark
 Loop handle with single kick and rounded upper and lower attachments. Transfer "Chinese seal" mark on base.  Finely potted with even wall thickness. Many cups and saucers with oriental style blue transfer decoration have "seal" marks on the base. These imitate marks on Chinese porcelain in the Seal script.  They have been catalogued by Ironside (1992, 1993, 1994). Click here for more examples.

A cup with a "Ridgeway" type handle with a single strong kick. Rim has 22 gilt scallops (2 much smaller than the rest). "Seal" mark with letters J T M N clear on saucer (below left, h11.5) but not on cup (below right, h7.6). (aj109, h58, w84, b39 handle: h14.5, v26.5, w6.2, 5)
  A cup with a "Ridgeway" type handle with a single strong kick. Rim has 18  scallops. "Seal" mark possibly with letters J T  on saucer (below left, h9mm) and on cup (below right, h6.7mm).  (see Ironside, 1994)  (aj127, h57.5, w85.1, b41 handle: h14, v26.7, w6.5, 5.2)
  A cup with a "Ridgway" type handle with a single strong kick and gilt line. Rim has gilt line and 21  scallops. Engraving and "Seal" marks on saucer (below left, h9.3) and on cup ( h6.9) as aj127 ( see Ironside, 1994). (a023, h59, w84.1, b39.8 handle: h14, v26.6, k29.8, w6.5, 5.2, t5.2)
Thick "Ridgeway-type"  with single kick
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with a single kick along the lower edge to form an incurve. Single pink line down each side of handle.. (a031, h59.4, w86.4, b41.1 handle: h13.3, v25.7, k29.4, w6.6, 4.8, t5.6) C.P.
A cup with a Ridgway-style "loop" handle with a single kick along the lower edge to form an incurve. Single pink line down each side of handle. Foot recess with vertical sides. (aj117, h59.7, w84.2, b39.5 handle: h12.5, v25.8, k29.6, w7.4, 5.5, t5.3) 

References:

Godden, G. (1974) "British Porcelain".  Jones, AE and Joseph, L (1988) "Swansea porcelain shapes and decoration" Brown and Sons, Cowbridge.  Ironside, M. (1992) "The pseudo-Chinese seal marks" North. Cer. Soc. Newsl. 86, 27-30. Ironside, M. (1993) "The pseudo-Chinese seal marks" North. Cer. Soc. Newsl. 89, 25-29. Ironside, M. (1994) "The pseudo-Chinese seal marks" North. Cer. Soc. Newsl. 95, 35-38. Ironside, M. (1998) "Hicks and Meigh Porcelain of the 1813 - 1822 Period: Dessert Wares and Tea Wares." Morley College Ceramics Circle Bulletin, Series 3, (No: 1). Ironside, M. (1999) "Yellow Shells" North. Cer. Soc. Newsl. 113, 26-33.

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