One Kink Handle Group 


A group of wares with distinctive features as follows: Bute cups with narrow base and large loop handles with one "kink"; Coffee cans with similar handles and unique footrim at their base; saucers with footrim usually curved not stepped at its outer edge; New oval teapot quite similar to Coalport but spout has 9 large beads at the end on the top; Deep oval creamer with upper handle attachment pointed; . Teabowls, Slop bowl and open Sucrier do not have clear distinguishing features.  Pattern numbers are less than 356, painted, and small. The bute cup shape also links to some further shapes: Low oval creamer, Low oval teapot; Oval teapot, New oval creamer and Bread and butter plates. There are two main bodies: a gray hybrid hard paste with poor translucency and a white bone china with good translucuency. Some of the pieces in this group have been attributed to the "Mystery Prow" group by Michael Berthoud (Berthoud and Maskell, 2006)

Examples of main New Oval teaset shapes

Examples of Low Oval teaset shapes

Examples of other Oval teaset shapes

Evidence to link main shapes

A number of part teasets establish the links between these main shapes.

Part teaset 1

The pieces in this partial set were all bought together. They link the Bute cup shape to a distinctive Saucer, New Oval Creamer and New Oval Teapot.


Bute cup with a very large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting with even wall thickness in gray/blue body with slightly yellow transparency. Bottom of cup bows upwards. Narrow base with shallow footrim. (aj297, h59, w80.1, b33.9 (38.2), handle: v34.8, h15.3, w8.5, 6.7, t4.3) 
Saucer with curved sides in gray body with poor translucency. Deep footrim (~5.7 mm) smooths in gentle curve into side of saucer. This footrim feature is found in most but not all cases. (aj297s, width 136mm ) 
New oval creamer in gray body with poor translucency with a simple "loop" handle with pointed attachments. The pointed top attachment overlaps the side of the jug. Very shallow foot recess (~2 mm). No marks. (cf plate 446 in Berthoud, 1999)  (aj296, base 78.8mm long 53.9 mm wide) 
A new oval teapot in gray-white body with notched pouring guard. Spout has nine beads at its end on the top. The bottom attachment of the handle is pointed. 10 hole strainer. Shallow foot recess (~ 3 mm) No marks.  (base length 120mm, width 93mm, aj329) need photo of inside
Pieces from a teaset

These pieces were all bought together. They link the Bute cup shape to a distinctive Coffee can and a Sugar bowl. The cups and cans are in a white bone china with good translucency.


Coffee can with a  large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in white body. No marks.  (aj322, h63.9, w70.8, b46 (52.4), handle: v36.6, h16.5 (20.9), w8.3, 6.5, t4.1)
Slop bowl with straight sided foot rim. Blue/white body with little translucency. Note: silver leaf does not have red lower point as on cups. No marks.  (aj327, h69.1, w127.6, b63.5)
A cup with a  large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in white body with black flecks. Cup bottom slightly domed. No marks.  Saucer has no footrim like Spode's. (aj321, h59.3, w82.9, b36 (41), handle: v30.8, h15.2 (18.5), w8.2, 6.2, t3.6)
A cup with a  large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in white body with dark flecks. Cup bottom slightly domed. No marks.  Unknown. (aj320, h57.8, w82.7, b37.6 (42.5), handle: v34.4, h17.1 (21.1), w8.2, 6.2, t3.9)
Part teaset 2 in pattern 73

These pieces are all in The Norwich Castle Museum. They link the bute cup and New Oval Teapot to a Low Oval Creamer.


A low oval creamer  in body with black flecks, handle with thumbrest and inner spur. Floral decoration, marked pattern 73 in red (length of base 76.3mm, n627creamer) Norwich Castle Museum. ? Does handle have grooves?  
A cup with a large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in  body with black flecks. Bottom of cup with distinct corners and slight bow upwards. Base recess with neat curved edges. (n627cup, h60.3, w84.7, b40.9 (45.6), handle: v31.6, h14.9 (19.5), w8.3, 6.2, t3.9) Norwich Castle Museum.
A new oval teapot in body with dark flecks. Spout has nine beads at its end on the top. The bottom attachment of the handle is pointed. 12 hole strainer. Marked with 73 in red on base at spout end.  (base length 122mm, width 95mm, n627) Norwich Castle Museum.
Part teaset 3 in pattern 76

These pieces were not from a single teaset but share the same pattern painted in brick red and the creamers and teapot have pattern 76 on the base. The Teabowl came with the New Oval Creamer marked pattern 76 and two saucers. One of these saucers links to this group as it has the curved outer edge to the footrim. The Low Oval Creamer has a distinctive groove along the outer edges of the handle. Pattern on handle of cup and teapot are the same.


Cup with a large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in creamy body. Painted in brick red with handle decoration like teapot below. Saucer has deep footrim (~5 mm) smooths in gentle curve into side as in teaset 1. No marks. (a193, h58, w84.2, b33.9 (39.4))
Teabowl in creamy body with poor slightly brown translucency.Painted in brick red. No marks. Saucer (diam 137 mm) has deep footrim (~4.5 mm) smooths in gentle curve into side of saucer. No mark but ? patt 76 (see pl 398 Berthoud, 1999)   (aj658, w85.9, h 51.5, b33 (41.7))
New oval creamer with "loop" handle with a thumbrest and one kink! Shallow foot recess. Painted in brick red. Small painted red 76 on base. In creamy body. Handle painting unlike cup and teapot. (cf plate398 in Berthoud, 1999)  (a205 base length 70 mm)
Low oval creamer with "loop" handle with a thumbrest, inner spur and clear groove down the outer edge on each side (arrow). Painted in brick red. Footrim and foot recess small (recess 3.8 mm). Small painted red 76 on base. (a194 base width 58mm, length 76 mm)  
Oval teapot The knop is not like the other New Oval teapots. Spout smooth and rather long. Top and bottom handle attachments are pointed. 12 hole strainer. Handle has same decoration painted in brick red as bute cup and low oval creamer. Shallow foot recess with pattern number 76 in red on base (~5 mm high). (a192, base length 122mm, width 84mm) See also p 92 in Berthoud and Maskell (2006).  
Part teaset 4

These pieces were not from a single teaset but share the same pattern in pink (not brick red) and have pattern 32 on the base.


Oval teapot whose shape and knop are not like the other teapots. Spout smooth and rather long. Top and bottom handle attachments are pointed. 13 hole strainer . Shallow foot recess with pattern number 32 in red on base (~5 mm high). (a201, base length 123 mm, width 87.5 mm) See also p 92 in Berthoud and Maskell (2006).    
Low oval creamer with "loop" handle with a thumbrest, inner spur and clear groove down the outer edge on each side (arrow). Shallow footrim and foot recess. No marks but ? patt 32. (a195 base width 60.4 mm, length 74.5 mm)  
Part teaset 5

The pieces in this partial set were all sold together. It confirms the links between bute cup, coffee can and new oval creamer and adds the Bread and butter plates. It also introduces a Low Oval Teapot shape which has been attributed to Miles Mason but pattern 91 is different (Skinner and Young, 1992). Is the pattern 16 rather than 91 or is this not Miles Mason?


Low oval teapot in creamy  with very poor translucency and quite rough inside. The knop is not like the New Oval teapots. Notched pouring guard. Spout has shallow groove along each side of the top. The bottom attachment of the handle is pointed. 4,3,2,1 hole strainer. . Shallow foot recess (~ 3 mm). Pattern number 91 in gilt on base (~6 mm high).  Similar teapots have been attributed to Miles Mason (Skinner and Young, 1992) (aj763, base length 125mm, width 87mm)
New oval creamer in body with poor orangey translucency with a simple "loop" handle with pointed attachments. The pointed top attachment overlaps the side of the jug. Very shallow foot recess. No marks. (cf plate 446 in Berthoud, 1999)  (a177)
Cup with a very large "loop" handle of the Spode type. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in gray body, not very translucent. Bottom of cup bows upwards. Saucer has deep footrim (~5 mm) smooths in gentle curve into side as in teaset 1. (aj760, h58.2, w82.5, b35 (38.9), handle: v35.9, h18.1 (21.3), w8.2, 6.5, t4.6)
 Coffee can with a large loop handle with one slight kick on the lower edge. Gray body with poor translucency. Curves in to footrim at base. Simple gilt line decoration. No marks. (aj766, h63.5, w67.53, b44.5(51.8) handle: h17.4 (21.6), v36.3, w8.5, 6.3, t4.3) 
 Small bread and butter plate with flat rim. Gray body with very poor brownish translucency. Simple gilt line decoration. No marks. (aj770, diam 188mm ) 
 Bread and butter plate with flat rim. Gray body with very poor brownish translucency. Simple gilt line decoration. No marks. (aj771, diam 215mm ) 
Further examples of cups and cans: gray body
Cup with a  large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in gray body with poor translucency. Black flowers with gilt lines and handle decoration. Saucer with curved outer edges (diam 13.9 mm) (aj785, h57.2, w80.6, b32.1 (37.5) handle: v35, h16.5, w8.1, 6.4, t4.7)
Cup with a very large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Pattern similar to New Hall 449. Fine potting in white body, not very translucent. Bottom of cup bows upwards. (aj148, h57, w80, b36.4, handle: v34.8, h16.5, w8.2, 6.5, t4.6)
Cup with a large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Creamy and not very translucent body. Bottom of cup bows upwards. (aj561, h59.2, w81.3, b34.8 (39.7), handle: v35, h16.4 (20.4), w8.3, 6.5, t4.4)
Cup with a  large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in light gray body. Gilt lines and distinctive gilt handle decoration. (a199, h58.7, w81.2, b34.1 (38.4) )
 Can with a very large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in pale gray body. Gilt lines. No marks. (a187 h58.8, w66.6, b43.7 (51.3))
 Can with a very large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in pale gray body. Gilt lines. No marks. (a188 h62.5, w67.7, b50.6 (57.1))
 Can with a very large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in pale gray body. Silver lustre and orange. No marks. (a190 h60.1, w68.4, b43.6 (51.2))
 Can with a very large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in rather gray body. Silver lustre with resist. No marks. (a189, h60.7, w69.8)
Further examples of cups and cans: white body
Cup with a  large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in white body with good translucency. Cup bottom slightly domed. No marks. Saucer has no footrim like Spode's. (aj738, h63.2, w86.2, b37.5 (44.1), handle: v31.4, h17.3 (20.8), w8.1, 6.6, t4)
Cup with a  large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in white body with good translucency. Silver lustre and orange. Saucer without footrim like Spode. (a191, h63.1, w84.5, b35.7 (40.8) )  
Cup with a  large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in white body. No marks.  Unknown. (a067, ) Barry Lomax
Can with a very large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in white body. No marks. (a068, ) Barry Lomax
Cup with a very large "loop" handle owith one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in white body. Bottom of cup bows upwards. Unknown. (a070, ) Barry Lomax
Cup with a  large "loop" handle with one kink. Pointed top and lower attachment. Fine potting in white body. No marks. Saucer has small red B painted on base.  Unknown. (a137, width at rim 86.9 mm) Mollie Hoskings
Can with a very large "loop" handle with one kink.  Pattern similar to one used by John Rose. Fine potting in white body. No marks. Unknown. (a174 ) Mollie Hosking who reports attributed to "Pattern Book Class" by Godden (1997) and by M. Thacker. 
Further examples of New Oval teapots:
A new oval teapot in gray-white body with simple pouring guard. Spout has nine beads at its end on the top. The bottom attachment of the handle is pointed. 10 hole strainer. . Shallow foot recess (~ 3 mm). Cover with small hole into knop. Pattern number 73 in red on base (7 mm high).   (aj571, base length 123mm, width 94mm)
A new oval teapot in white bone china body, spout has 9 beads at its end on the top (see insert at right). The bottom attachment of the handle is pointed. Simple pouring guard and flat 9 hole strainer. No marks.  (aj772 base length 123, width 95mm) This was purchased in north east USA.
A new oval teapot Simple pouring guard and flat 10 hole strainer.  (a202 )
Further example of low oval creamer:

The Low Oval Creamer in teaset 3 and marked pattern 76 defines a shape with distinctive features, particularly the grooves down each side of the outer edges of the handle. Here are further examples.


Low oval creamer with "loop" handle with a thumbrest, inner spur and clear groove down the outer edge on each side (arrow). Shallow foot recess. Silver lustre and orange. No marks. (a196 base width 60 mm, length 73.4 mm)  
Further examples oval creamers:

The Oval Creamers in teasets 1 and 4 define a shape with distinctive features, particularly the pointed upper attachment of the handle which is not present in most other similar new Oval creamers. Here are further examples:


New oval creamer in gray body with poor translucency with a simple "loop" handle with pointed attachments. The pointed top attachment overlaps the side of the jug (arrow). Shallow foot recess marked with black patt ?31 or 32 or 37? (cf plate 446 in Berthoud, 1999)  (a197, base 67.4 mm long 51 mm wide) 
New oval creamer in gray body with poor translucency with a simple "loop" handle with pointed attachments. The pointed top attachment overlaps the side of the jug (arrow). Shallow foot recess with no marks. (cf plate 446 in Berthoud, 1999)  (a198, base 67.3 mm long 57.2 mm wide) 

 


References:

Berthoud, M (1999) "A Cabinet of British Creamers" Micawber Publications, Bridgenorth.

Berthoud, M and Maskell, R (2006) "A Directory of British Teapots" Micawber Publications, Bridgenorth.

Miller, P and Berthoud, M (1985) "An Anthology of British Teapots" Micawber Publications, Bridgenorth.

Skinner, D.S.and Young,V (1992) "Miles Mason Porcelain" City Museum and Art Gallery, Hanley.