Machin - New Oval teaset 


The  "new oval" teaset would have had a teapot, teapot stand, slop bowl, sugar box or sucrier, creamer, bread and butter plates,  bute shaped tea cups and possibly also teabowls and coffee cans, and saucers.   Examples of teapots by Machin are illustrated in plates 1363 to 1368 in Miller and Berthoud (1985). Machin porcelain teawares have been identified by Philip Miller from rare examples marked with hand painted or printed with "Machin & Co. Burslem". Fortunately, although most pieces have no makers mark, many have pattern numbers which have allowed them to be distinguished from the wares of other makers (Berthoud, 2002). Miller (1983 and 1988) and Berthoud (2002) illustrate most of the known Machin shapes.

New Oval Teapots

The  "new oval" teapots show some subtle variations. The spouts have a generous base and are obviously keel shaped along their lower edge. Two variants are shown: shorter and longer. The handles are all different in upper attachments, the way they are set on the pot or the detailed form of the thumb rest. Miller and Berthoud (1985) illustrate another form of longer and forward pointing thumb rest (plates 1365, 1366). The strainers all have a row of 4 holes down the middle but can have rows of 3 or 4 holes on either side. The lids have no flange, have a single breather hole and the knops look similar but vary in size.


Machin new oval teapot  in creamy body with finely crazed glaze. Handle with triangular top attachment. Broseley blue transfer pattern and hand painted 87 in brick red (5.5mm high). Shorter spout with distinct keel-like ridge along top and bottom. Knob on lid 35 mm long. 10 hole strainer (31mm wide, 40mm high, holes 3.3+mm).(aj677 Base length 119mm, width 85 mm.)
Machin new oval teapot  in creamy body with finely crazed glaze. Handle with triangular top attachment. Yellow Shell pattern and hand painted 208 in brick red (5 mm high). Longer spout with distinct keel-like ridge along top and bottom. Knob on lid 35 mm long. 10 hole strainer (31mm wide, 40mm high, holes 3.5+mm).(aj728 Base length 117mm, width 85 mm.)
Machin new oval teapot  in creamy body with finely crazed glaze. Handle with rectangular top attachment. Yellow Shell pattern and marked on base with hand painted 208 in brick red (5 mm high). Longer spout with distinct keel-like ridge along top and bottom. Knob on lid 40 mm long. 12 hole strainer (30mm wide, 46 mm high, holes 2.5 mm).(aj692 Base length 116mm, width 86 mm.)
Teapot stand

Oval teapot stand (picture not yet available).

Bread and Butter Plate

Bread and butter plate in slightly creamy body with finely crazed glaze. Rim curved inwards. Very shallow foot rim. Marked on base with handpainted 208 in brick red (5.5mm high). (aj011 200mm wide, footrim 153mm wide)

Sucrier
New oval sugar box or sucrier  with creamy body and finely crazed glaze. Lid has no flange and knob is 34.5mm long. Marked pattern number 111 in red on base (see inset). Knob on lid 45 mm long. (aj640 Base length 93.4mm, width 66.7mm)
Slop Bowl
Slop bowl with very pronounced outwardly curved footrim. Creamy body with finely crazed glaze. Unmarked but this pattern has features of Machin version of "Yellow Shell" pattern which is No. 208. (aj656 width of base 93.2mm)
Creamers
Machin  new oval creamer  in white body.Handle with typical forward facing thumb rest but normal curve distorted. Pattern number 18 (h 5 mm) in red on base. Handle has characteristic nearly horizontally pointing thumb rest. (aj376 Base length 65 mm, width 49mm)  
Machin  new oval creamer  in creamy body with finely crazed glaze and marked with pattern number 140, (h 4.2mm) in red on base. This is a brown transfer pattern with hand colouring. Has characteristic nearly horizontally pointing thumbrest on the handle. (aj511 max length of outside of base 66mm, width 50mm)  
Machin  new oval creamer  marked with pattern number 208 (h 5.0mm) and a small circle in red on base.  The nearly horizontally pointing thumbrest on the handle is a diagnostic Machin feature. This is one style of creamer contemporary with the bute cups. (aj246 max length of outside of base 71.2mm)
Tea cups
Machin cup with a "ring" handle of the large  type. Transfer Broseley pattern. There is a small hand painted blue mark on the base. (aj124 h59.5, w79.1, b35.7, handle: v17.1, h17, w7.4, 5.1)
Machin cup with a "ring" handle of the large  type. Pattern number 311 (~5mm high) painted in black on the base.  (aj034 h56.7, w78.3, b37.7, handle: v16.3, h13.4, w7.8, 4.8)
A cup with a "ring" handle of the small Machin type. No number or mark on the base but a slop bowl with this pattern had 137 in red on base. Possibly Machin. (aj020 h57.1, w81.5, b39,  handle: v14.7, h13.4, w8.5)
Coffee Can
Machin  coffee can with typical ring handle.  Creamy body with white/gray translucency. Pattern printed in brick red and over painted by hand. No number or mark on the base but this is pattern 140.  (aj510 h59.1, w62.7, b53.9 (61.5) handle: v17.4, h16.5, w7.9, 5.1, t3.7)
Teabowl
A teabowl of the Machin type with outward curved footrim. Creamy body crazed and stained inside. No number or mark on the base but this is pattern 140. Possibly Machin. (aj328 h51.7, w79.8, b35.8 (41.9))
A teabowl of the Machin type with characteristic narrow outward curved footrim. Whitish body with finely crazed glaze. No number or mark on the base but this Brosely transfer pattern is No. 87. Possibly Machin. (aj123 h49.5, w86.5, b37 (43.2))

References

Berthoud, M (2002) "Patterns on Machin Porcelain", Ceramic Bulletin No. 12, Micawber Publications, Bridgnorth. Miller, P (1983) The Machin porcelains, 1809 - 1840 p201-208. in Staffordshire Porcelain. ed. Godden, G. A. Granada. Miller, P (1988) The Machin factory. p2 -11 Miller, P and Berthoud, M (1985) "An Anthology of British Teapots", Micawber Publications, Bridgnorth.

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