Ring handles
Ring handles differ in the size and shape of the ring, and the little triangle underneath, whether they are round or slightly flattened in section, and where they are attached below the top rim of the cup. They were made by Chamberlain and Grainger at Worcester, Derby, Herculaneum, Keeling, Machin, Minton, New Hall, Wedgwood. (Only those in bold are illustrated.)
large, round section large, flatter section large, flatter section large, flattened oval, round section
small, 9 shape Machin, flatter section small, flatter section small, round section small, thumb rest small, thumb rest
Grainger Worcester
Large round ring handle, round in section and set just below the top rim and with triangle under ring with nearly equal sides. More details on Grainger page.

A cup with a large "ring" handle of the Grainger Worcester type. There is no mark. (aj016, h59.5, w82.3, b42, handle: v17.5, h18.1, w5.9)
A cup with a large "ring" handle of the Grainger Worcester type. This cup has no mark. (aj015, h59.1, w81.7, handle: v17.3, h18.4, w6.0)
A cup with a large "ring" handle of the Grainger Worcester type. This cup has no mark but it matches a Grainger Worcester shape teapot with patt. 133 painted on the base. (aj005, h59.4, w82.2, handle: v17.6, h18.4, w6.4)
A cup with a large "ring" handle of the Grainger Worcester type. This is pattern number 228 but there is no mark. (aj041, handle: v17.8, h18, w6.15)
A cup with a large "ring" handle more like the Chamberlain Worcester type (slightly flattened in section) but triangle is more like Grainger. Millers identify as Grainger since it was with a Grainger teapot and other pieces. (a006, h58.5, w82.6, b42.5, handle: v19.3, h17.5, w8) Millers
A cup with a large "ring" handle more like the Chamberlain Worcester type (slightly flattened in section) but triangle is more like Grainger. Possibly Grainger. (aj122, h58, w80.5, b41.6, handle: v19.2, h17.4, w8, 5.4) 
Chamberlain Worcester
Large round ring handle, clearly flattened in section, and set near the top rim.   The triangle under the ring more flattened against the cup than Grainger and with its upper side shorter than the lower side. More details on Chamberlain page.

Chamberlain Worcester cup with a large "ring" handle slightly flattened in section. This cup has no mark but it matches a Chamberlain Worcester shape teapot patt. 351. (aj014, h60.5, w83.6, b39, handle: v19.5, h18.5, w7)
A cup with a large "ring" handle of the Chamberlain Worcester type (slightly flattened in section). There is no mark but may be patt. 414 "Bute, Strawberry in red and gold ground" (1805-10). (ja1, h60.8, w82, b38.8, handle: v19.3, h19.1, w7.5) Wilsons
A cup with a large "ring" handle of the Chamberlain Worcester type (slightly flattened in section).  Probably Chamberlain Worcester. (aj102, h60.2, w82.6, b38.8, handle: v19.4, h18.3, w7.7, 5.2) 
Derby 
 Large round ring handles which are flattened in section, with the part next to the cup straight as if squashed onto the cup.  May have the usual red Derby mark or be unmarked. Very shallow foot recess. See also Derby page.

A Derby cup with a large "ring" handle which is flattened against the cup ( slightly flattened in section).  Derby crown mark. (a064 ) 
A cup with a large "ring" handle which is flattened against the cup ( slightly flattened in section).  No mark but possibly a Derby maker. (aj136, h59.4, w77.4, b34.5, handle: v22.7, h16, w8, 5.8) 
New Hall
There are two main types, both set well below the rim: (1) Large round ring handles which are slightly flattened in section, (2) Large oval ring handles which are round in section (also found on large breakfast cup). New Hall also made a simple loop handle. See also New Hall page.

New Hall hard paste cup with a round "ring" handle. It has a simple gilt line on its outer edge with two sprigs at the bottom. No number on the base but this is patt. 631. (aj028, h57.4, handle: v17.2, h16.7, w8.4)
New Hall cup with a "ring" handle typical of  hard paste. It has a simple gilt line on its outer edge with two sprigs at the bottom. No number or mark on the base but this is patt. 779. (aj018,  h57.7, handle: v17.1, h15.1, w7.2)
New Hall   cup with an oval "ring" handle typical of later bone china . No number or mark on the base but this is patt. 1235. (aj019)
  New Hall cup with an oval "ring" handle typical of later bone china . Black inner line and line on handle. No number on the base but ? patt. 1063. (vb2 h60.9, w83, b40.2, handle: v20.2, h13.4, w6.4)
Herculaneum
The ring handle looks most like the number 9, and is quite flattened in section. The ring has a distinct groove around its base. 

A cup with a 9 shaped  "ring" handle. No mark. Translucent body with blueish glaze. Possibly Herculaneum. (aj247 h56.4, w82.7, b41 (46.6), handle: v15.4, h14.4, w7.4, 5.4, t3.8)
Machin
There are two main types of ring handle, large and small. Both are rather delicate,  a little flattened in section and also like a figure 9. The small type is not common. Rarely a much larger loop handle and a handle with a thumb-rest and inner spur have been found (not illustrated). See also Machin page.

Machin cup with a "ring" handle of the large  type. Pattern number 311 (~5mm high) painted in black on the base.  (aj034 h56.7, w78.3, b37.7, handle: v16.3, h13.4, w7.8, 4.8)
Machin cup with a "ring" handle of the large  type. This is pattern number 19 (see no: 406 in British Teapots and Tea Drinking) but there is no number mark on the base. (aj010 h62.3, w76.9, b38.8, handle: v17.5, h16.2, w7.7)

 

Machin  cup with a "ring" handle of the large  type. This is pattern number 208 but there is no number mark on the base. (aj038, h58,w77.7, b36,   handle: v17.7,h17.1, w7.5)
A cup with a "ring" handle of the small Machin type. No number or mark on the base. Possibly Machin. (aj020 h57.1, w81.5, b39,  handle: v14.7, h13.4, w8.5)
Minton
There are two types of small ring handle. Type I, on lower pattern numbers, have a wide (8 to 9mm) handle which is clearly flattened in section. Type II, on higher pattern numbers, are narrower (less than 8mm) and round in section.  Minton also made a Ridgeway type handle. Usually marked with small pattern number on base. Some cups also have Sevres-type mark. There is also a larger ring handle (not yet illustrated). See also Minton page.

Minton cup with a "ring" handle of  type I. Pattern number 46 painted small in gray on the base. (aj040, h58.8, w80.5, b39.9, handle: v15.8, h14.1,w8.6)
Minton cup with a "ring" handle of  type I. Pattern number 202 painted very small in gold on the base. (aj074, h60, w77.8, b38, handle: v15.6, h14.4, w8.7)
Minton cup with a small "ring" handle of  type II. Pattern number 845:x painted in purple on the base. (aj068, h59, w84.3, b35.7, handle: v14.3, h13, w6.8)
Minton cup with a small "ring" handle of  type II.  Sevres mark with M and pattern number 938 painted in blue on the base. (Rest of set 939 so 938 may be a mistake. Gilt rim rubbed off.) (aj067 h60.1, w84.2, b39.2, handle: v14.5, h13.5, w7)
Ring with thumb rest
Solidly potted cup in white body, with unusual style of handle and very narrow base.  

Cup with a small "ring" handle with a thumb rest. Even wall thickness, wall curves into base inside. Grey transfer, hand coloured. Very small base. Unknown (aj205 h58.4, w83.6, b34.7, handle: v13.3, h12.5, w7.6, 5.5)
Cup with a small "ring" handle with a thumb rest and pointed lower attachment.  Even wall thickness, wall curves into base inside. Very small base. Unknown (aj767, h58.5, w84.2, b34 (37.1), handle: v13.3, h12.9 (20), w7.3, 5.9 t5  )
Keeling
Beautifully potted cup in white body, with rare style of ring handle with good thumb rest and bead at lower attachment. Details of the products of this factory can be found in Jean Barratt's 2009 book "A & E Keeling Formerly Factory X

Cup with a small "ring" handle with a thumb rest and bead at lower attachment.  Even wall thickness, flat base inside. Red painter's mark on base. Keeling (aj793, h58, w78, b35 (39), handle: v15, h14 , w9, 6 t4  )
Other handle shapes
There are two rather angular handles: the square or "French" shape made by Coalport,  Davenport, Minton and W***, and the "7" shape made by Miles Mason,  Spode and one unknown.  

Minton cup with a square handle with short, rounded top and pointed bottom attachments.  Marked with handpainted No 62. (a133 length of vertical part of handle 33mm)
Cup with French handle with short, rounded top and more pointed bottom attachments. Creamy bone-china body. This is not a known pattern but the handle shape, small size, walls that thicken into a rounded botton inside are all typical of Minton. (aj086 h60.7, w76.2, b38.9, handle: v34, h14, w9)
Cup with French handle with rounded top and bottom attachments. Solidly potted, white body. Possibly John Rose Coalport ? (aj134, h57.6, w76.9, b37.4, handle: v36.8, h13.3, w8.6, 6.4). See also Coalport page.
Cup with small French handle with square top and pointed bottom attachments.  No mark but pattern, size and potting similar to other Coalport cups. Came with curved sided saucer.  Possibly  Coalport. (aj394  h60.3, w78.9, b37.5, (41.5) handle: v28.7, h13.7 (20.1), w8.4, 5.7)
Cup with small French handle where top attachment has no flange but joins straight into cup.  Pointed bottom attachment. Came with matching W*** style teapot (same shape as plate 1010 in Miller and Berthoud, 1985).  . (m048  h62, w79, b (45) ) Miller
Coffee can with small French handle where top attachment has no flange but joins straight into cup.  Pointed bottom attachment. Came with matching W*** style teapot (see plate 1010 in Miller and Berthoud, 1985).  . (m049  h60, w70 ) Miller
Miles Mason
  "7" shape handles were made by Miles Mason. He also made simple loop handles with a thumb rest. See also Miles Mason page. 

Breakfast cup with "7" shape handle with broadly pointed upper and pointed lower attachment. Finely potted in creamy body with even wall thickness and flat bottom inside. Hand coloured black transfer. Miles Mason (aj174 h67.8, w103.3, b51, handle: v37.2, h14, w10.3, 8
Cup with "7" shape handle with broadly pointed upper and lower attachment. Finely potted in white body with even wall thickness and flat bottom inside. Scalloped edge with 24 gentle flutes. Blue seal mark (see right h5.8mm) and handle shape suggests Miles Mason (c.f. pl 417 in Berthoud (1990)). (aj103  h56.9, w83.2, b41.3, handle: v32.4, h15.2, w11.2, 8).
Spode
  "7" shape handle were made by Spode but are very rare. See also Spode page. 
 A Spode cup with a "7" shaped handle  with rounded upper and pointed lower attachment. Even wall thickness in bone china body. SPODE transfer on base (~2.2mm).  Shallow foot recess. 24 scallops on rim. (aj350, h57.9, w83.9, b38.9 (43.4) handle: h16 (21.1), v33, w9.4, 6.8) 

 A reeded cup with a "7" shaped handle  without  upper attachment flange and with pointed lower attachment. 25 reeds and narrow foot. Even wall thickness in bone china body with crazed glaze. Decorated with hand painted puce print.  Unknown (aj395, h63.4, w81.8, b32.2 (37) handle: h14.2 (19.8), v28.7, w7.7, 5.5, t4.5) 

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