Caughley Bute cups


The Caughley company were among the earliest to produce Bute shaped cups in a variety of styles.  Contemporary newspaper reports indicate that the Caughley or 'Salopian China Manufactory' was definitely in production by 1775. The history of the factory and its wares have been investigated by Godden (1981). It was founded at a site in the countryside two miles south of Broseley, in Shropshire where there was both clay and coal. A lane led down to the river Severn to the east. The founder was Thomas Turner, born 1749, who had trained as an engraver at the Worcester Porcelain Company. He continued in production until 1799 when, suffering from an "indifferent state of health", he sold his leases to John Rose and partners of Coalport.

Turner had an important relation with the Chamberlain firm set up in 1786. Godden (1981) concludes; "...strongly suggest that the Chamberlain decorating establishment at Worcester was Thomas Turner's only means of decorating his Caughley porcelain with overglaze enamels and gilding..." The evidence for this conclusion comes from the Chamberlain account books which have been preserved in the Worcester Porcelain Museum. Only the underglaze printed transfer patterns would have been applied at Caughley (see example of early coffee cup with printed S mark at right).


Examples

. The main handle types are vary characteristic of Caughley: no handle (tea bowl), Chinese style with thumb rest, Chinese style (no thumb rest),  and "Spode" type. Some Caughley pieces have a small capital S mark for Salopian (from the county of Shropshire).

No handle
Caughley teabowl with no handle. Handpainted S mark (3mm high) in underglaze blue on the base. Number 4 in gilt on vertical side of base recess.  Fine potting in body with typical straw transparency. (aj107, h54, w76.5, b36.8 )
Teabowl with no handle or mark. Number 4 in gilt on vertical side of base recess.  Fine potting in body with  straw transparency. Foot recess with vertical sides. Rim decoration has pattern in raised white dots. Dimensions very close to aj107 above. Probably Caughley. (aj369, h54.4, w77.7, b36.7 (40.3) )
Caughley teabowl with no handle and reeding which fades towards the base.  Fine potting in body with typical straw transparency. (a041, h58.5, w80.9, b37.2 )440
Chinese style handles
Caughley cup with Chinese style handle with thumb rest and S mark (3mm high) in underglaze blue on the base. Body with typical yellow straw transparency.    (a017 )
Caughley  cup with Chinese style handle with thumb rest. No mark. Creamy body with typical yellow straw transparency.    (aj437  h56, w78.1, b37.7 (41.5) handle: h17.2 (22.7), v28, w6.7, 6)
Caughley  coffee cup with Chinese style handle without thumb rest. No mark. Creamy body with typical yellow straw transparency.    (aj438  h62.1, w66.9, b35.1 (39.8) handle: h16.3 (22.8), v30.3, w6.7, 4.4)
Caughley coffee cup with Chinese style handle without a thumb rest. Handpainted S mark (3.4mm high) in underglaze blue on the base. Body with typical yellow straw transparency.    (aj310  h62, w63.6, b31.8 (36.5) handle: h16.6 (22.5), v29.1, w6.3, 5, t5.7)
Caughley coffee cup with Chinese style handle without a thumb rest. Handpainted S mark (3mm high) in underglaze blue on the base. Body with typical yellow straw transparency. Some of decoration is rubbed off!    (aj126  h60.8, w64.1, b33.2 handle: h17.2, v30.5, w6.1, 5)
Spode type handle

This handle shape has rounded top and bottom attachments and was probably modelled on patterns seen on  French Sevres cups. 


Caughley cup with a distinctive Spode-type "loop" handle with very strong "kick". S mark (2.4mm wide) and typical Caughley printed decoration. c1790. (aj448, h58, w79, b38.7 (43.2), handle: v29.4, h18.8 (23.5), w7.1, 5.4, t4.9)
Caughley cup with a distinctive Spode-type "loop" handle with very strong "kick". No mark and handle shows misalignment of moulds. c1790. (a040, h53.7, w79.5, b37.8 (42.1), handle: v29.2, h18.4, w7.1, 5.6)178

References

Godden, G.A. (1981) Caughley and Worcester Porcelains 1775-1800. Antique Collectors Club Ltd,  Woodbridge.


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